Ecohydrology was definied in a frame of the UNESCO International Hydrological Programme (IHP). Ecohydrology is a transdisciplinary and applied science. It uses the understanding of relationships between hydrological and biological processes at the catchment scale to achieve water quality improvement, biodiversity enhancement and sustainable development.
The Ecohydrology approach is based upon the assumption that the sustainable water resources management can be achieved by:
- restoring and maintaining evolutionarily established processes of water and nutrient circulation and energy flows at a catchment scale;
- enhancing of carrying capacity of ecosystems against human impact based on evolutionarily established resistance and resilience to stress;
- using ecosystem properties as water management tools.
Implementation of EU Water Framework Directive
Achievement of good ecological status of water through harmonization of hydrotechnical and ecological solutions.
Transformation of pollution in biomass and bioenergy, reduction of CO2 emission from fuel use, and stimulation of economic development.
Aqaculture & Biodiversity
Compensation of aquaculture development by enhancing the ecosystem carying capacity for good water quality, biodiversity and fisheries.
Integrated Watershed Management - Ecohydrology & Phytotechnology - Manual
Guidelines for the Integrated Management of the Watershed - Phytotechnology and Ecohydrology http://www.unep.or.jp/Ietc/Publications/Freshwater/FMS5/index.asp
The Environment in Asia Pacific Harbours
UNESCO IHP Demonstration Projects on Ecohydrology